Posts tagged ‘museums’

ROME modern and past in one city

Rome is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy’s largest and most populous city, with more than 2.7 million residents, and a metropolitan area of almost 4 million inhabitants. It is located in the central-western portion of the Italian peninsula, on the Tiber river.

Rome stands on top of more than two and a half thousand years of history, was once the largest city in the world and the centre of Western civilisation. Rome is still the heart of Christianity, being seat of the Roman Catholic Church which controls the Vatican City as its sovereign territory, an enclave of Rome.

Today, Rome is a modern, cosmopolitan city, and the third most-visited tourist destination in the European Union. Due to its influence in politics, media, the arts and culture, Rome has been described as a global city.

Rome’s international airport, Fiumicino, is the largest in Italy and the city hosts the head offices of the vast majority of the major Italian companies, as well as the headquarters of three of the world’s 100 largest companies: Enel, ENI, and Telecom Italia.

As one of the few major European cities that escaped World War II relatively unscathed, central Rome remains essentially Renaissance and Baroque in character. The historic centre of Rome is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

The ancient Romans were great conquors and they used their great might and power to gain large areas of land.In every new dominion that they conquored,they set out to “Romanize” the population in many ways.The main type of Romanization, however, was the development of new and glorious cities. All provincial cities followed a set plan and form and were built on a symmetrical scale.These cities always included at least one public bath and a public arena as it was consitered uncivilized by the Romans for any self respecting city within the empire to lack these necessities. Also,some major cities had a barracks which was located in the outskirts of the settlement.

The people of the 20th century are fortunate enough to have access to many Ancient Roman cities that have remained in very good cosmetic form throughout the centuries.Two of the best preserved cities in existance from the Roman world are Pompeii and Hercullanium.In 79 AD,the famous volcano Mount Vesuvius erupted and completly buried these towns under a deep covering of volcanic ash which left them untouched and undisturbed by the rest of the world until their excavations began in the early part of the 20th century.These cities have buildings and roads that are in such good condition that they tell us exactly what the average Roman city and town looked like so long ago.

With all pride the ancient Romans took in city planning, it is suprising to learn that Rome, itself, was a very poorly planned city.The Roman streets were crammed and were frequently over-travelled. Also, the Roman tennement buildings, the insulae,were crammed along the roadside and were way too tall.It is said that, in some areas of Rome, it was always dark due to the high buildings. Furthermore, unlike the planned cities which had straight and symmetrical roads, the roads of Rome were frequently jagged and antisymmetrical which made travel even more difficult. The main cause for this problem that Rome faced was that, unlike the planned cities, Rome was built over time and so the majority of the city was built before city design had reached it’s height.

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Maxxi Art Gallery: Modern Lines in Rome

The end of May is offering some new experience for those who are heading to Rome. The National Museum of XXI Century Arts – MAXXI – was opened on Thursday, 27th of May, 2010 with a glamorous ceremony attracting global attention and featuring famous architect Zaha Hadid, designer of the building. The etaernal city mostly known for its ancient monuments and baroque churches finally has a new contemporary art gallery! MAXXI is Italy’s first national public center for contemporary art.

Modern Art Museum Rome MAXXI

The entire world was looking forward to the event after more than 10 years of preparation and building works. A crowd of viewers and institutional authorities packed the inside hall of the MAXXI, anxious to get a view of the woman who majestically turned an old military site into a breathtaking glass and steel, modern and abstract white structure where light flows in from all corners filling in the wide spaces. The museum houses two museums -– MAXXI Art and MAXXI architecture — and includes an auditorium, a media library specializing in art and architecture, a bookshop, cafeteria, bar-restaurant and outdoor spaces for the exhibition of sculpture.

Commissioned from Zaha Hadid in 1999. The new structure designed by this Anglo-Iraqi architect juts out dramatically from the side of a former military barracks in a residential neighborhood outside the city center. The museum was slated to open in 2006 but its €150m construction was continually interrupted by lack of funds. The museum stands in a drowsy neighborhood of early-20th-century apartment buildings and former army barracks called Flaminio.It takes about 20 min from the city center to get there.

The energy builds as you walk toward it. Experience the face of modern Rome!

Opening hours:
from Tuesday to Sunday 11.00-19.00
Thursday 11.00-22.00

Tickets prices:
adults: €11
concessions: €7, for groups of between 10 and 25 people
free: for young people under 14 years of age

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Rome’s Night of Museums: 15th of May, 2010

Sleepless nights should not bother you anymore! Especially if you are in Rome. Spend the middle of May in the capital of Italy and take a chance to enjoy the cultural nightlife in this eternal city. Night lovers will get the chance to sleep in and visit their favourite museum by night coming up soon! On the 15th of May, 2010 will be the 6th year of The European Night of Museums. Rome – a city known as an open museum itself, is looking forward to welcoming you on this special night.

Rome's  Free Night Museums

After the success of the Museum week, Rome embraces another activity aimed at bringing more visitors to museums.Over 80 exhibition areas will in fact open free of charge, starting from 20.00 until 2.00 am on Sunday morning (last entry at 1:00 AM). Some of the participants are: Etruscan national Museum in piazzale di Villa Giulia 9, Oriental Art Museum in via Merulana 248, Popolar Heritage and Art National Museum in piazza. G. Marconi, Central Museum in piazza Venezia.

In addition, you can fine a wide variety of the finest exhibitions. Take a look at some of them open for free: Caravaggio (Scuderie del Quirinale), Hopper (Fondazione Roma Museo in via del corso), De Chirico (Palazzo delle Esposizioni on via nazionale), the Caravaggio’s school painters (Palazzo Ruspoli in via del corso). Don’t miss the chance to see the best pieces of arts. Plan your day carefully, as there are much more things to see than you’ll ever be able to see in one day.

Furthermore, you will be able to choose among the colorful range of concerts taking place in the most popular spots of Rome: Santa Maria del Popolo: concert at 8.30pm, Musei Capitolini: concert at 8.30pm and 10.30pm to celebrate the two hundreds years of Argentina and Museo di Roma in Trastevere. That is not all. The event is a huge not only in eternal city, but also all over Europe. 40 countries throughout Europe will take part this year! It is predicted that more than 2,500 Museums ranging from art, history, and sciences, will participate in this particular event.

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Macro Future Rome : Digital Life

Macro Future is the second part of the Romes Museum of Contemporary Art, located in Testaccio which can be found in the southern part of the city centre close to the Eastern bank of the Tiber. The building it self is located in a former slaughter house designed in the 19th century and is one of Romes most important industrial era buildings.
The current exhibition at macro future is Digital Life; Enpower your Senses, the overall aim of which is to use a combination of digital arts in a search for new expressions and possibilities. Digital life has a diverse international body of artist involved and several of the works are world or european premieres with the others all being displayed in italy for the first time.

Of the 12 installations on display 3 of the most impressive are;

LIFE-fluid, invisible, inaudible (2008 re worked for this exhibition) by Japanese artists Ryuichi Sakamoto and Shiro Takatani. This has a very celestial other worldly feel.

The second is Ondulation (2002) by Emmanuel Madan and Thomas McIntosh with Mikko Hynninen. In this instalation riples in a thin layer of water are created by sound vibrations and also inlfunce projected images making it a turley multi-sensory experience.

The final one is Matrix II (2000) by Erwin Redl where a series of LED’s are used to create a grid of green lights within the space that receed in all directions as though all the surfaces where mirrored.

The exhibition costs €6 and is open from 4pm till midnight and can be reached from Termi by taking line B(LAURENTINA) for 4 stops and getting off at stop Piramide. Then walking 50 metres to CAVE ARDEATINE (MB) and taking Line No 719 (CANDONI/RIMESSA ATAC) for 3 stops and getting off at stop GALVANI/ZABAGLIA then walking 200 metres to piazza Orazio Giustiniani, 4 .

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The Catacombes of Rome

Rome has over forty different catacombe sites encorporating Pageans, Jewish and Chrsitian burials of which the latter account for the majority. The phenomian of the rome catacombes originates from two main factors. The first of these is that ancient roman law forbid burial within the walls of the city and many early christians were amoung the poorest echelons of society and could not afford land for burial sites. Fortunately the volcanic rock under rome called tufo is soft and hardens when exposed to air for a long time making it ideal for tunneling.

Rome Catacombs

The Chirstian catacombs of rome are of particular importance for undersatnding early christianity as they contain early examples of christian art in the form of frescos and sculptures. This paleochristian art is full of symbolism and is heavy influenced by pegan classical graeco-roman style. Comon objects depicted are; peacocks (Symbol of enternal life) anchors (hope in jesus) and doves (peace and happiness).

Several of the catacombes open to the public are located along the Via Appia which begins at Porta San Sebastiano and was the ‘queen’ of ancient roman roads stretching south east across italy to the coast at Brindisi. The 3 catacombes open to the public along the Via Appia are; Catacombs of St. Callixtus (Catacombe di San Callisto), Catacombs of St. Domitilla (Catacombe di San Domitilla) and Catacombs of St. Sebastian (Catacombe di San Sebastiano). These can be reached by getting 118 bus from outside the colosseum.

Of these the Catacomb of St. Callixtus are the largest with over 12 miles of tunnels covering 33 acres with five different levels and containing the remains of half a million christians. Of those buired here are 9 3rd century popes. The Catacomb opens from 9-12 and 2-5.30 and cost €6 for a 25 minute guided tour avalible in most languages. So if your looking for a different expereince whilist in Rome then the catacombs are deffinately worth visiting.

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Rome Culture Week: 16 – 25 of April, 2010 Settimana della Cultura Rome, Italy

The Italian Ministry of Culture announced that its annual Culture Week will be held from the 16th to 25th of April, 2010. During the event all state-run museums, galleries, monuments and archaeological sites across the country are open to the public free of charge and numerous exhibitions, performances, guided tours and other initiatives have also been organised for the occasion. The event now in its 12th year aims to promote Italy’s cultural patrimony and to open to the public hundreds of cultural sites that are normally closed.

Why its worth participating in this unique event? First of all,because Rome – the eternal city – is a hotspot of the history and culture. If you want to begin your cultural adventure, you cannot miss this city. UNESCO has estimated that 40% of the world’s cultural heritage lies in Italy. Italy’s heritage is indeed so rich that it would take a vast army of people simply to staff all the historic palaces, ancient ruins, minor museums, and other sights of interest, and its costs would be prohibitive, so only the top 30% or so are kept open regularly.

Settimana della Cultura Rome, Italy - All in Rome

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Here’s another major reason for the Settimana della Cultura: hundreds of sights normally closed to the public are staffed by volunteers and their doors thrown open free of charge. There are literally thousands of initiatives across Italy, and hundreds just in Rome. Its a great time to explore all the state museum, galleries and spend some time in a city full of sun and spring. Don’t miss the chance to discover Villa Borghese – the gallery that is famous not only for the beautiful surroundings, but also for the great art collections.

Rome is an open air Museum. Everywhere you look, there is a piece of history! Spring is known as the time of changes. Discover the new possibilities and new attractions of the eternal city. The secrets of Rome has never been so fascinating and accessible. You will have no chances to get bored.

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