Posts tagged ‘Rome Culture Week’

ROME modern and past in one city

Rome is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy’s largest and most populous city, with more than 2.7 million residents, and a metropolitan area of almost 4 million inhabitants. It is located in the central-western portion of the Italian peninsula, on the Tiber river.

Rome stands on top of more than two and a half thousand years of history, was once the largest city in the world and the centre of Western civilisation. Rome is still the heart of Christianity, being seat of the Roman Catholic Church which controls the Vatican City as its sovereign territory, an enclave of Rome.

Today, Rome is a modern, cosmopolitan city, and the third most-visited tourist destination in the European Union. Due to its influence in politics, media, the arts and culture, Rome has been described as a global city.

Rome’s international airport, Fiumicino, is the largest in Italy and the city hosts the head offices of the vast majority of the major Italian companies, as well as the headquarters of three of the world’s 100 largest companies: Enel, ENI, and Telecom Italia.

As one of the few major European cities that escaped World War II relatively unscathed, central Rome remains essentially Renaissance and Baroque in character. The historic centre of Rome is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

The ancient Romans were great conquors and they used their great might and power to gain large areas of land.In every new dominion that they conquored,they set out to “Romanize” the population in many ways.The main type of Romanization, however, was the development of new and glorious cities. All provincial cities followed a set plan and form and were built on a symmetrical scale.These cities always included at least one public bath and a public arena as it was consitered uncivilized by the Romans for any self respecting city within the empire to lack these necessities. Also,some major cities had a barracks which was located in the outskirts of the settlement.

The people of the 20th century are fortunate enough to have access to many Ancient Roman cities that have remained in very good cosmetic form throughout the centuries.Two of the best preserved cities in existance from the Roman world are Pompeii and Hercullanium.In 79 AD,the famous volcano Mount Vesuvius erupted and completly buried these towns under a deep covering of volcanic ash which left them untouched and undisturbed by the rest of the world until their excavations began in the early part of the 20th century.These cities have buildings and roads that are in such good condition that they tell us exactly what the average Roman city and town looked like so long ago.

With all pride the ancient Romans took in city planning, it is suprising to learn that Rome, itself, was a very poorly planned city.The Roman streets were crammed and were frequently over-travelled. Also, the Roman tennement buildings, the insulae,were crammed along the roadside and were way too tall.It is said that, in some areas of Rome, it was always dark due to the high buildings. Furthermore, unlike the planned cities which had straight and symmetrical roads, the roads of Rome were frequently jagged and antisymmetrical which made travel even more difficult. The main cause for this problem that Rome faced was that, unlike the planned cities, Rome was built over time and so the majority of the city was built before city design had reached it’s height.

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Rome Culture Week: 16 – 25 of April, 2010 Settimana della Cultura Rome, Italy

The Italian Ministry of Culture announced that its annual Culture Week will be held from the 16th to 25th of April, 2010. During the event all state-run museums, galleries, monuments and archaeological sites across the country are open to the public free of charge and numerous exhibitions, performances, guided tours and other initiatives have also been organised for the occasion. The event now in its 12th year aims to promote Italy’s cultural patrimony and to open to the public hundreds of cultural sites that are normally closed.

Why its worth participating in this unique event? First of all,because Rome – the eternal city – is a hotspot of the history and culture. If you want to begin your cultural adventure, you cannot miss this city. UNESCO has estimated that 40% of the world’s cultural heritage lies in Italy. Italy’s heritage is indeed so rich that it would take a vast army of people simply to staff all the historic palaces, ancient ruins, minor museums, and other sights of interest, and its costs would be prohibitive, so only the top 30% or so are kept open regularly.

Settimana della Cultura Rome, Italy - All in Rome

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Here’s another major reason for the Settimana della Cultura: hundreds of sights normally closed to the public are staffed by volunteers and their doors thrown open free of charge. There are literally thousands of initiatives across Italy, and hundreds just in Rome. Its a great time to explore all the state museum, galleries and spend some time in a city full of sun and spring. Don’t miss the chance to discover Villa Borghese – the gallery that is famous not only for the beautiful surroundings, but also for the great art collections.

Rome is an open air Museum. Everywhere you look, there is a piece of history! Spring is known as the time of changes. Discover the new possibilities and new attractions of the eternal city. The secrets of Rome has never been so fascinating and accessible. You will have no chances to get bored.

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